Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.


Topics - iON555

Pages: [1]
1
Sound Design / Sintetizatoare
« on: December 27, 2018, 06:15:41 AM »
Despre sintetizatoare (rezumat)

1. Parametrii generali

a) Oscilatoare (oscillators)

    - toate instrumentele muzicale, au fost si pot fi emulate de către un sintetizator prin intermediul formelor de sunet (waveforms) SINE, SAW, SQUARE, TRIANGLE,
      PULSE, NOISE.
 
    - acestea sunt produse de synth uri prin intermediul oscilatoarelor




b) Filtre

    - prin intermediul filtrelor adăugăm, excludem, diminuăm sau amplificăm frecvențe:
 

 
c) Envelopes

    - definesc modul în care percepm sunetul (sunet scurt, sunet lung etc.)
    - Attack Decay Sustain Release ( în imagine observăm cum acești parametrii definesc modul în care vom percepe sunetul)
     


    - cu Envelopes putem controla Filtre (Filter Envelope), Volumul Oscilatoarelor (Amp Envelopes) etc.

d) LFOs (Low Frequency Oscillators)

    - LFOs,  de asemenea pot fi aplicate pe oricare alt parametru al unui synth (Pitch, Pan, Filter, Volume etc.)
    - unul din efectele principale pe care le putem crea cu LFOs este acela de vibrato

e) Efecte
   
    - delay, reverb, chorus etc. aceste efecte le putem gasii integrate în aproape orice synth.








2. Clasificare



a) Sintetizatoare bazate pe samples (Samplers)

  - în loc de waveforms (sine, saw, square, triangle) acest tip de sintetizatoare folosește samples (fragment digitalizat sonor relativ scurt - înregistrări format mp3, wav etc.)




b) Sintetizatoarele de tip Aditiv (Additive Synthesizers)

  - folosesc waveform-uri (Sine, Saw, Square, Pulse, Noise) suprapuse/mixate pentru a crea un sunet



c) Sintetizatoare Subtractive (Subtractive Synths)

  - schema simplă de funcționare a acestui tip de synth - oscilatorul generează un ton (saw, sine, triangle etc.) care trece printr-un filtru ce îi va amplifica, diminua sau tăia din frecvențe în funcție de tipul de filtru aplicat (low pass LP, High pass Hp, Band Pass BP etc.). Putem aplica Envelopes (ADSR - Attack Decay Sustain Release) și LFOs.



d)  Sintetizatoare FM ( Frequency modulation)

   -  un element principal pe care îl găsim doar la acest tip de sintetizatoare este Matricea (Matrix)
   

   - Matricea ne permite să facem conexiuni ( denumite și algoritmi ) cu ușurință între oscilatoarele synth ului care în sinteza  FM mai sunt denumite  operatori
     (operators)

2
RULES RULES RULES!!! / Extended FAQ & Rules
« on: May 14, 2018, 01:13:50 PM »
General Forum Rules
1)Topics should be posted in the relevant forum. If you are seeking support for a product whose company has an official
    forum here at Audio 24 Forum  please post in the company's forum.
2)Members should post in a way that is respectful of other users. Flaming or abusing users in any way will not be tolerated
   and will result in your post being edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
3)Posting of any material, or links to any material (images/text/audio/video) deemed by a moderator to be pornographic,
   inflammatory, inciteful, racist, overtly political, illegal or generally offensive or inappropriate will result in your post being
   edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
4)Members are asked to respect the copyright of other users, sites, media, etc. Users linking to, asking for information
   about, or blatantly bragging about using, warez, crackz, pirated sample content, re-printing material without permission,
   etc. will result in your post being edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
5)If a thread is locked or deleted this happened for good reason so don't start another thread demanding to know why the
   first thread was locked/deleted as that too will also be locked/deleted - if you wish to complain about such an incident
   please contact us privately.
6)Multiple accounts are, generally, not tolerated. Please do not create more than one account as it may lead to a ban,
  particularly if it looks like the reason for creating the additional account(s) is to circumvent a sub-forum ban or be used
  for shilling, trolling, etc.

Links (Affiliate links / Referral Links are forbidden)

Affiliate links / Referral Links are not acceptable. Any links must be direct and must not contain any marketing or affiliate tracking or redirection.

Link Shorteners, such as bit.ly, goo.gl, etc., are generally not acceptable and should not be used (they are explicitly forbidden in the Market Place forum). Links should always point directly to the target URL so the browser knows exactly where they are going before they click the link.

Signatures



Signatures may not contain:
Advertising (i.e. NO graphical banners or text advertising commercial products, commercial websites, special offers, sales, group buys, etc. -- this includes referral and affiliate programs, offers to get a discount / special price on something, any mention of $XX or Save XX%, etc.), although you may have a link to your commercial products/website as long as the text/image is non advertorial, i.e. it should not contain text such as "latest offers", "buy our best plugins in the world", "Sale now on", etc.
Profanity or Religious, Political, inflammatory, racist, sexual, etc. content.
Signatures may NOT contain phpBB quote blocks because they take up too much space and are too easily confused with the actual post content.
Failure to adhere to these rules may result in your user name, e-mail address, and/or IP address being banned from posting at Audio 24 Forum. You will probably get the following image in your signature first:

Image

Avatars
Avatars may NOT be animated


3
RULES RULES RULES!!! / Extended FAQ & Rules
« on: May 14, 2018, 01:10:04 PM »
General Forum Rules
1)Topics should be posted in the relevant forum. If you are seeking support for a product whose company has an official
    forum here at Audio 24 Forum  please post in the company's forum.
2)Members should post in a way that is respectful of other users. Flaming or abusing users in any way will not be tolerated
   and will result in your post being edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
3)Posting of any material, or links to any material (images/text/audio/video) deemed by a moderator to be pornographic,
   inflammatory, inciteful, racist, overtly political, illegal or generally offensive or inappropriate will result in your post being
   edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
4)Members are asked to respect the copyright of other users, sites, media, etc. Users linking to, asking for information
   about, or blatantly bragging about using, warez, crackz, pirated sample content, re-printing material without permission,
   etc. will result in your post being edited / deleted, and you may be issued with a warning and / or a ban.
5)If a thread is locked or deleted this happened for good reason so don't start another thread demanding to know why the
   first thread was locked/deleted as that too will also be locked/deleted - if you wish to complain about such an incident
   please contact us privately.
6)Multiple accounts are, generally, not tolerated. Please do not create more than one account as it may lead to a ban,
  particularly if it looks like the reason for creating the additional account(s) is to circumvent a sub-forum ban or be used
  for shilling, trolling, etc.

Links (Affiliate links / Referral Links are forbidden)

Affiliate links / Referral Links are not acceptable. Any links must be direct and must not contain any marketing or affiliate tracking or redirection.

Link Shorteners, such as bit.ly, goo.gl, etc., are generally not acceptable and should not be used (they are explicitly forbidden in the Market Place forum). Links should always point directly to the target URL so the browser knows exactly where they are going before they click the link.

Signatures



Signatures may not contain:
Advertising (i.e. NO graphical banners or text advertising commercial products, commercial websites, special offers, sales, group buys, etc. -- this includes referral and affiliate programs, offers to get a discount / special price on something, any mention of $XX or Save XX%, etc.), although you may have a link to your commercial products/website as long as the text/image is non advertorial, i.e. it should not contain text such as "latest offers", "buy our best plugins in the world", "Sale now on", etc.
Profanity or Religious, Political, inflammatory, racist, sexual, etc. content.
Signatures may NOT contain phpBB quote blocks because they take up too much space and are too easily confused with the actual post content.
Failure to adhere to these rules may result in your user name, e-mail address, and/or IP address being banned from posting at Audio 24 Forum. You will probably get the following image in your signature first:

Image

Avatars
Avatars may NOT be animated


4
Mixing Techniques / Equalization - basics
« on: May 10, 2018, 09:50:26 AM »
EQ - is adjusting the volume of a frequency

Types:

- shelving EQ
- graphic EQ
- parametric EQ
- semiparametric EQ


One of the most used EQ is Parametric EQ
 
- Parametric EQ is build up with 8 bands :

1.Low Cut Filter (or High Pass Filter)
2.Low Shelf Filter
3.Bell Filter 1
4.Bell Filter 2
5.Bell Filter 3
6.Bell Filter 4
7.High Shelf Filter
8.High Cut Filter (or Low Pass Filter)



This 8 bands can be controlled with 3 parameters:

- frequency -  let as choose the frequency we want to adjust
- volume/gain db  -  let us adjust the amplitude of the frequency
- Q ( a low Q setting as  0.75 a large range of frequencies is affected, a high Q setting – such as 21.0 results in a narrow bandwidth and a smaller range of
  frequencies affected)

EQ CHART GUIDE


5
Tehnici de Mixaj / Egalizatoare - noțiuni de bază
« on: May 10, 2018, 09:40:00 AM »
Egalizatorul (EQ) - Ne permite să ajustăm volumul frecvenței unui sunet

Clasificare:

- shelving EQ
- egalizator grafic
- egalizator parametric
- egalizator semiparametric


Egalizatorul Parametric ( unul dintre cele mai utilizate egalizatoare )
 
- dispune de 8 benzi, ordonate de la stânga la dreapta:

1.Low Cut Filter (or High Pass Filter)
2.Low Shelf Filter
3.Bell Filter 1
4.Bell Filter 2
5.Bell Filter 3
6.Bell Filter 4
7.High Shelf Filter
8.High Cut Filter (or Low Pass Filter)



Cele 8 benzi dispun fiecare de 3 parametri:

- controler prin care alegem frecvența dorită (freaquency)
- controler prin care modificăm volumul frecvenței selectate (volume/gain db)
- controler - ul Q ( o valoare mică precum 0.83 va afecta un spectru larg de frecvențe, o valoare mare precum 20 va afecta un spectru mai restrâns de frecvențe -
  narrow)

GHID DE FRECVENȚE PENTRU DIFERITE INSTRUMENTE


6
Music Arrangement Tips & Tricks / Music Arrangement
« on: May 09, 2018, 11:15:09 AM »
In this topic will talk mainly about EDM SONG STRUCTURE and its elements. However, we can find this elements in the other genres  as well.


RHYTHM  - basic rhythms are  2/4 ,3/4, 4/4


TEMPO  - it's measured in BPM ( beats per minute ), usually it used a tempo in between  120 and 140 bpm. There are variations depends of the genre!
             

a) Most of EDM tracks are build with 4 main elements:

- INTRO ( leads into the BREAKDOWN, give time to DJ to mix from a track to another)
- BREAKDOWN ( usually here we take out the drums and we prepare the listener for build up)
- BUILD UP ( here is where we create the energy for the drop using uplifters, snare rolls, pitched synths, special effects etc.)
- DROP ( the main sector of any edm track )


b) One of the most common arrangement is ABABCB:

- A - the verse
- B - the chorus or the drop 
- C - the Bridge, it is different than the other two, here we can find different chords and harmonies which usually leads back to A or B.




7
În acest topic vom aborda în principal structura și elementele de bază ce constituie aranjamentul unei piese muzicale EDM (electronic dance music). Acestea le regăsim sub o formă sau alta în oricare alt stil de muzică.


RITMUL - constituit din succesiunea organizată a duratei sunetelor.
            - Ritmurile de bază 2/4 ,3/4, 4/4


TEMPO  - indică durata efectivă în fracțiuni de secundă a unui timp, este măsurat în BPM ( bătăi pe minut), de obicei se utilizează un tempo între 120 și 140 bpm,
              existând variații în funcție de stilul muzical abordat

METRUL - măsura care este împărțită în timpi


a) Majoritate pieselor EDM sunt constituite din 4 elemente principale:

- INTRO ( realizează pregătirea pentru BREAKDOWN, permite DJ-ului să facă tranziția dintr-o piesă în alta)
- BREAKDOWN ( de obicei pe acest sector sunt eliminate elementele de percuție pregătind starea pentru buildup)
- BUILD UP ( este o secțiune repetitivă cu elemente de percuție precum snares, synth-uri cu hi pitch si efecte specifice - UPLIFTS, SNARE ROLLS  etc.-  ce pregatesc starea de energie pentru drop)
- DROP ( partea principală a unei piese )


b) Una dintre cele mai răspândite structuri muzicale este ABABCB, unde:

- A - este partea repetitivă, versul
- B - în EDM acest pasaj este considerat Drop-ul, în piese precum cele POP acest sector putem spune ca este acea parte din melodie care este memorabilă, CORUL
       (chorus)
- C - Bridge, este un pasaj diferit, aici se pot utiliza armonii si acorduri diferite de cele pe care le găsim in A și B, este de obicei adăugat petru varietate într-o piesă însă nu este neapărat necesar.






8
- inspirația necesară în crearea unei noi piese muzicale poate interveni spontan ( în vis, dimineața când ne trezim, la muncă, pe stradă etc.) poate fi indusă direct ( cântăm la un instrument și încercăm să găsim o melodie, armonie , linie de bas etc. de la care putem construi mai departe, desenăm note în piano roll aleator după care le redăm și căutăm să extragem o formulă pe care o considerăm acceptabilă) sau indirect ( putem fi inspirați de un film, reclamă, o altă piesă, sunet, sample etc.)



- este bine să înregistrăm ideea pe cât de repede posibil ( recorder portabil, pe telefon, direct in software ul cu care lucrăm pentru muzică etc.)



- în momentul în care suntem mulțumiți de ideea melodică pe care am găsit-o, este de preferat să o încadrăm într-o gamă, vezi gamele aici http://www.andregmusic.com/forum/index.php?topic=2.0 iar apoi să utilizăm notele din această gamă pentru a dezvolta restul de armonii, acorduri, linie bas etc.


Pentru mai multe detalii aici sunt două link uri către două carți de referință:

https://songwritingplanet.com/swp-content/songwriting_secrets_e-book.pdf
http://www.theashgrove.com/Alpha.Books,.The.Complete.Idiot%27s.Guide.To.Songwriting.(2001)_.OCR.6.0-2.5.ShareConnector.pdf


Așteptăm întrebările voastre!


Cheerio

9
Sound Design / Synthesizers - Parameters and Classification
« on: April 27, 2018, 01:49:25 PM »
About Synthesizers (overview)

1. General Parameters

a) Oscillators

    - any type of musical instrument can be emulated by a synthesizer through waveforms SINE, SAW, SQUARE, TRIANGLE,
      PULSE, NOISE.
 
    - oscillators are synthesizers components which are producing waveforms
   




b) Filters

    - with the help of filters we add, subtract, amplify or reduce a frequencie:
 

 
c) Envelopes

    - defines the way we percep the sound (long sound, short sound etc.)
    - Attack Decay Sustain Release ( in the image we observe how the envelope is shaping the sound and the way we percep it)
     


    - with envelopes we can control filters (Filter Envelope), the amp (Amp Envelopes) etc.

d) LFOs (Low Frequency Oscillators)

    - LFOs, can be linked depends of the synth, to any other parameter  (Pitch, Pan, Filter, Volume etc.)
    - vibrato is one of the effects that can be produced with LFOs

e) Effects
   
    - delay, reverb, chorus etc. we can find this effects integrated almost in any kind of synths.








2. Classification



a) Samples Synthesize (Samplers)

  - instead of waveforms (sine, saw, square, triangle) this type of synthesises use  samples (short piece of digital audio  - recorded mp3, wav etc.)




b) Additive Synthesizers

  - they use waveforms (Sine, Saw, Square, Pulse, Noise) in blocks for creating sounds



c) Subtractive Synths

  - a simple scheme of this type of synthesize - the oscillator generates a tone  (saw, sine, triangle etc.) which goes through a filter which will amplify, reduce, cut frequencies  depends of the filter type (low pass LP, High pass Hp, Band Pass BP etc.). We can apply Envelopes (ADSR - Attack Decay Sustain Release) and LFOs.



d)  FM Synthesizers

   -  the Matrix is the main characteristic we find at this type of synths
   

   - The matrix allows us to establish connexions( also called algorithms ) easily, between synths oscillators, oscillators which in FM synthesizes are also called operators. 

10
Music Theory / Music Theory/Basic concepts
« on: April 26, 2018, 06:30:16 PM »
This topic has an informative character and contains basic elements from Music Theory!

1. The Sound = vibrations that travel through the air or another medium and can be heard when they reach a person's or animal's ear.

- (musical sounds ) – pleasant sounds  (the sound of a musical instrument)
- (non musical sounds) – for exemple sounds produced by falling objects which disturbs the human ear.
- Humans can only hear sound waves as distinct pitches when the frequency lies between about 20 Hz and 20 kHz. (20Hz - 20.000Hz)

2. Musical Notes


Musical Notes have 7 names : C,   D,   E,    F,   G,      A,   B. (international notation)
                                              DO, RE, MI, FA, SOL, LA, SI.

Notes are grouped in octaves (eight notes, from C1 la C2 - C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1 C2) every each musical note has a specific frequency (in the image the frequency is typed with red color):




3. Scales


Musical Scales are a series of musical notes selected in a specific mode from the notes of an octave.

Types of Scales:

Major Scale
Minor Scale
Harmonic Minor Scale
Melodic Minor Scale
Pentatonic Scales

The most used are the Major and Minor Scales (in the image the green dot represents the beginning of a scale followed up by the rest of the scale notes which are the orange dots):




3. Chords

Chords are a group of notes which can be played together and can function as melodic harmonies.

Chords build from 3 notes (triads):

Major Chords:



Minor Chords:


11
Teoria Muzicii / Teoria Muzicii/Concepte de bază
« on: April 16, 2018, 03:38:41 PM »
Acest Topic are caracter informativ și conține elemente de bază din Teoria Muzicii!

1. Sunetul = vibrația unui corp sonor.

- sunete muzicale (fonetice) – cele care impresionează în mod plăcut auzul (sunetul unui instrument muzical)
- sunete amuzicale (afonetice) – sunete produse de corpuri prin cădere sau lovire care deranjează urechea umană
- vibrațiile ce pot fi percepute de urechea umană sunt cuprinse între 30 si 20.000 vibrații simple pe secundă (20Hz - 20.000Hz)

2. Notele muzicale


Sunetele muzicale au 7 denumiri: C,   D,   E,    F,   G,      A,   B. (notația internațională)
                                              DO, RE, MI, FA, SOL, LA, SI.

Notele sunt grupate în octave (opt note, ex. de la C1 la C2 - C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1 C2) iar fiecare notă muzicală are o frecvență specifică (in imagine frecventele sunt notate cu culoarea rosie):




3. Gamele(Scales)


Gama (Scale) muzicală este o serie de note muzicale selectate într-un mod specific dintre notele unei octave.

Tipuri de Game (Scales):

GAMA MAJORĂ
GAMA MINORA
GAMA MINORA ARMONICĂ
GAMA MINORA MELODICĂ
GAME PENTATONICE

Cele mai utilizate sunt Gamele Majore si Gamele Minore (în imagine bulina verde indică începutul gamei fiind urmată de celălalte note indicate prin bulină portocalie):






3. Acorduri (Chords)

Acordurile sunt un grup de note ce pot fi cântate împreună, în același timp, și pot funcționa ca și armonii!

Acorduri formate din 3 note:

Acorduri Majore (Major Chords):



Acorduri Minore (Minor Chords):


Pages: [1]